USING THE PIO OR ‘SPACE INVADERS MEET THE NASCOM PIO’
by Martin Dyer
I must confess that for a long time I regarded the PIO as ‘just the
third 40 pin chip on the Nascom board’, but one day I would get round
to using it for some application.
Then INMC News, issue 2 arrived, containing a very useful
article on the PIO.
This gave practical tips & facts not covered in the PIO
Handbook. The article concluded with a request, nay more of a plea, for
members to describe their applications of the PIO.
Armed with all this information I set about making a Digital to
Analogue Interface using a Digital – Analogue Convertor (DAC) I bought
at the Longleat (Amateur Radio) Mobile Rally.
No program was written, because using the T4 Output command port A
could be set up for mode 0 and no interrupt, and data written to the
DAC. The long term aim is to attempt to write a Music Program, directly
synthesizing music waveforms or using the analogue signal to control a
voltage controlled oscillator.
For reference, the address of the supplier of the writer’s DAC is LB
Electronics., __ _________, Hayes, Middlesex. The writer has no
information regarding current price and availability.
Some time after, Graham Clarke’s Space Invasion game was obtained from
the Software Library. I will certainly recommend this game to every
one, it is most entertaining and very addictive. I won’t describe the
game, so play it to find out! The software uses the A, X and Z keys to
input information to the Nascom from the operator. The KBD subroutine
detects the action of a key-depression but provides no information if
the key is kept depressed. In the Space Invasion game the effect was
making the software slow to respond to operator commands. The Hardware
and Software described below overcomes many of the problems.
Three push button switches were mounted in a 4″ x 4″ x 1.5″ plastic box
and was connected to the Nascom by a multicore cable. This made a
hand-held control box, which was easier to use than finding the correct
keys on the keyboard.