INMC 80 News

  

October–December 1981, Issue 5











Page 51 of 71











A list of 45 error numbers is given in the Manual, with a fairly helpful explanation of what is wrong. The restriction of available memory space prevents the compiler translating the error number into the message on screen. If, during compilation, the buffer overflows, then compilation is aborted, and an Overflow message is printed. In this case, the MTOP pointer should be moved, or compilation to TAPE should be selected. This latter option is a very nice one, as it allows programs of very large size to be compiled onto tape, which can overlay the text buffer and even the compiler itself, provided the runtime support package, which runs from 1000H to 2180H is maintained. The normal position of the compiler is from 1000H to 4000H, with the text buffer following on immediately. For the tape version, a minimum 32k system is recommended, and for the EPROM version, a 16k system will suffice.

The Run command will jump to the compiled program and run it, or, if no compilation has taken place, will force one, and then execute the program. If runtime errors occur, then a message to that effect is printed, and execution is aborted, with a return to the operating system or to Nas-Sys. With such a runtime error, you are given an address which indicates the location of the error relative to the start of the compiled code. Knowing how difficult it is to locate such a position, the authors of this compiler have given the operating system a new facility, called Find.

If you reenter the operating system, and tell it to Find nnnn, then it will locate the statement which compiled to live at that address. You may then make whatever alteration to the code you wish, and try another compile.

The miscellaneous commands are simple: Memory, which prints the extent of the text buffer, and if present, the extent of the Code, ZAP, which clears the buffer and Quit to return to the monitor. All commands may be abbreviated to their first letter only, with the exception of ZAP, which must be spelled out in full to avoid accidental erasure.

So much for the interface between the operating system and the user. How about the Pascal? This Pascal offers the following:

Statements: BEGIN END
FOR TO/DOWNTO DO
REPEAT UNTIL
GOTO (bringing joy to Dr Dark’s disordered existence)
IF THEN ELSE
WHILE DO
CASE OF OTHERS
INIT TO (used to initialise data)
:= (assignment)
PROCEDURE statement
Data Types: REAL 11.5 digit arithmetic !!!
INTEGER – 32768 to 327677
STRINGS up to 255 chars of 255 different values
BOOLEAN logical variables
ARRAY .. OF with multiple dimensions
Operators: +-*/ DIV MOD SHIFT AND OR EXOR = <> > < >= <=
Procedures: WRITE WRITELN READ READLN LOAD SAVE CALL SCREEN PLOT
Functions: ABS SQR SQRT SIN COS ARCTAN LN EXP INT FRAC SUCC PRED ODD TRUNC ROUND ORD CHR LENGTH MID LEFT RIGHT CONCAT ADDR RANDOM POINT KEYBOARD
Declarations: LABEL CONST VAR PROCEDURE FUNCTION

This is an OCR’d version of the scanned page and likely contains recognition errors.











Page 51 of 71