INMC News

  

February/March 1980, Issue 6











Page 6 of 38











interrupt routine itself. This address is placed at the start of the table, low order byte first, as usual.

The interrupt routine itself calls its own copy of the SRLIN routine and loops until the routine returns with the Carry set. It then outputs the character to the PIO, enables the CPU interrupts and immediately returns. This last bit of code reads:

      OUT (5), A
      EI
      RETI

Cassette input program for Nascom 2

The other half of the software lives in the Nascom 2. The program initializes the PIO just like the other program, except that the PIO mode is 4FH, for input mode. After setting up the PIO, the CPU interrupts are not enabled. Instead a dummy READ to the PIO is made to ensure that handshaking starts. Then a version of the READ routine, copied out of NAS-SYS, is executed. If the routine ends, control returns to NAS-SYS. Instead of the need for changing tables and RST RIN to get an input, normal calls are made to a new routine called CIN. This routine reads as follows:

CIN  OR A
     EI
SLP  JR NC SLP
     RET

This loops until an interrupt occurs, and the interrupt routine sets the Carry flag, and puts the input character into A. The interrupt routine reads simply:

PROC IN A, (5)
     SCF
     RETI

Note that it does not re-enable CPU interrupts.

As you can see, the use of the PIO requires a bit of thought, but if you read the notes above, and have a look at the PIO manual, you should be able to write these routines for yourself, exactly as you wish, which is much more interesting than typing in some HEX listings from the library.

Please write in and let others know if you have any other uses for two (or more) machine systems. How about a controlling machine loading other slave machines with data, programs, perhaps even interpreters as well, then doing other work while the slave machine performs the subordinate tasks. This would be one way to tackle a multi-user operating system with resources such as printer or disc attached to only some machines.

Richard Beal

PS You could use two Nascom 2 computers, if you don’t already have a Nascom 1.

PPS Don’t blame me if you get your wires mixed up and blow up both computers.












Page 6 of 38