An Insight into the Gemini IVC and SVC Part 2
By D. W. Parkinson
THE GEMINI SVC
To continue from where we left off ... The
is a close relative of the
that is upwards compatible with it, but offers extended features and
greater power. The extra features that have arrived with the SVC are
summarised in table 1.
I’ll start by taking various of the hardware changes that have been made
and indicating the software benefits that have been gained.
SCREEN MEMORY/CHARACTER GENERATORS
The IVC had a 2k x 8 static RAM for the screen memory, a 2k x 8 EPROM for
the main character generator, and a 2k x 8 static RAM for the alternate
character generator. With the SVC design these have been combined into a
single 8k x 8 static RAM. The 8k of RAM is partitioned in various ways
depending upon the selected display mode (see Figure 1). When in alpha mode
the RAM is actually accessed twice per character. The first time is to pick up
the character from somewhere in the lower 4k, and the second time to look-up
the appropriate row of dots for that character from the upper 4k.
Fig 1. Display memory image
With the SVC the character set is now totally programmable. The initial
character set is held within the monitor EPROM, and is copied out into the top
half of the screen RAM on power-up, or whenever alpha-mode is reselected
following a graphics display. The SVC-MON also holds various foreign character